Category Archives: CTHistory Essay 2013

Samuel Cullers Housing Discrimination Case, 1954-1957

  In 1954 and 1955 the principal planner for the Hartford Redevelopment Agency applied to rent a two-room garden apartment from McKinley Park Homes in Hartford but was deceitfully informed that there were no more vacancies. This young man, Samuel … Continue reading

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Education/Instruccion

  Glue, cut up pieces of paper, and string. These were the tools used to ignite a flame under the fight against housing discrimination[1]. Ben Dixon, Boyd Hinds and Julia Ramos, three very unique individuals with extremely different backgrounds came … Continue reading

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On Behalf of All Our Children: The 1996 Sheff v. O’Neill Supreme Court Ruling

On Behalf of All Our Children: The 1996 Sheff v. O’Neill Supreme Court Ruling The landmark court case charged with creating more quality and integrated schooling in the Hartford area has been a labor of love on behalf of many … Continue reading

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World War II and the 1944 Urban League Report

From 1941 to 1945, the involvement of the United States in World War II caused major shifts in all parts of the country, particularly in the Northeast. During the war, industries in the United States became more geared towards meeting … Continue reading

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The Struggle for Educational Equity During the 1970s: Lumpkin v. Dempsey

          Sixteen years after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education ruling outlawed racially segregated schools in Southern and border states, civil rights activists filed a similar lawsuit in the northern city of Hartford, Connecticut. The Brown … Continue reading

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The Debate Over Who Could Occupy World War II Public Housing in West Hartford

In 1943, a dispute erupted between white West Hartford whites and federal housing officials over whether or not African Americans should be allowed to live in the World War II public housing tract called Oakwood Acres.  Public housing tracts were … Continue reading

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Five Minutes that Changed Connecticut: Simon Bernstein and the 1965 Connecticut Education Amendment

Hartford lawyer and Democratic delegate Simon Bernstein stuck out from his political peers at the 1965 Connecticut Constitutional Convention. While the Democratic and Republican chairmen of the time were entrenched in a debate over the state’s unequal political representation system, … Continue reading

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Zoning

Zoning: Emancipative or Restrictive? In the early 1900s, leaders of West Hartford sought to implement zoning restrictions.  West Hartford was a farming town with nearly as many cows as people and was hopeful of becoming a larger residential suburb for … Continue reading

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The Effect of “Redlining” on the Hartford Metropolitan Region

  The contemporary racial isolation in the Hartford metropolitan region, similarly to metro areas across the country, undoubtedly stems from a mixture of past and present policies. Past policies, promoted by both private and federal interests, encouraged racial segregation. Despite … Continue reading

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Sheff v. O’Neill Complaint of 1989: Striving for Educational Equality

Bianca Brenz Under the Connecticut Constitution and Connecticut Statutes, all school-aged children in Connecticut are entitled to equal educational opportunities no matter their race, ethnicity, or class background. The Sheff v. O’Neill complaint of 1989 specifically pointed out that the … Continue reading

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