This article, written by Robert Lee Hotz on February 12th 2015, details how recently a team of renowned environmental scientists have taken it upon themselves to research and observe which countries produce the most oceanic waste. They not only figure out the major contributors but also calculate the exact amount of waste for 192 different countries around the world. The Wall Street Journal collected this data primarily from a scientist by the name of Jenna Jambeck. Jambeck and her team went on several different expeditions around the world to see what kind of waste they different countries were producing and which was more hazardous to the aquatic environments. Jambeck’s research showed that Asian countries such as Indonesia, Thailand, and China produce almost 30% of the world’s total oceanic waste. While more developed countries like the United States, England, and Canada produce less than one percent each.
This particular article in the Journal is very accurate because Jambeck supplied the data. Her scientific paper, which provided all the exact calculations and observations, coincides very well with what Hotz took from it. He gives credit where credit is due but also adds his own insight to the situation that importantly brings up the problem of nurdles. Nurdles are the relatively unseen killer in the oceans. These completely broken down plastics are the remnants of something previously larger like a bag or a container. Environmental scientists around the world have begun to see animals washing up on shore (or sea birds) that have stomachs filled with plastic. Not big pieces but little ones that slowly fill up the stomach until the animal dies of suffocation. Kimberly Amaral from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution points out the standard thought that the ocean is so vast and deep that the idea of almost microscopic plastic balls being a problem could not be true. But Amaral takes into consideration that like the garbage on the surface, the currents also affect the nurdles.
The article appropriately describes research done by brilliant scientists like Jambeck who are trying to better understand what we can do to help ourselves but most importantly help the oceans that we love so much. Not only with the horrifyingly destructive nurdles, but all the waste that we so lacklusterly produce throughout our time on the very fragile earth.
Feb 15th 2015; New York, Robert Lee Hotz “Which Countries Create the Most Ocean Trash?” http://www.wsj.com/articles/which-countries-create-the-most-ocean-trash-1423767676
Feb 13th 2015; Jambeck, J.R., Andrady, A., Geyer, R., Narayan, R., Perryman, M., Siegler, T., Wilcox, C., Lavender Law, K. , (2015). Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean, Sciencehttp://jambeck.engr.uga.edu/plastic-input-into-the-ocean-release-day
Emily Buenger; Duke