History of Psychology
[Last revised December 7, 2016]
This is an ADVANCED course if taken for the Psychology Major. For the course to count as an advanced course in the major, you need to have had the prerequisites — 5 courses in psychology. This is a Writing Intensive Course
William M. Mace
Office: Life Sciences 201 [Prof. Raskin]
Office Hours: MF 10:00 am-11:30 am TR 10:45 am-11:30 am
Hilgard, Ernest R. (1987). Psychology in America: A Historical Survey. On reserve in the library. You should get to the library as soon as possible to get familiar with what you can find in this book. One of the best resources for your paper. As a bonus, I have made a copy of the huge list of references and now give you a link to that.
Grades will be based on written work and class participation. Class participation 15%, Quizzes 25%, and 60% written work (semester project).
Class participation will be based on attendance, your willingness to talk in class, and performance on the full range of assignments that I’ll call “homework.”
Scheduled quizzes may be necessary to make sure you are keeping up.
Your main written work for the semester will be a series of papers on a topic drawn from our series of suggestions. These really will be successive stages of one paper, but each stage will require a serious effort and will be graded.
The assignments and dates due are these:
Due Date: September 22. The first paper topic should be selected.
Due Date: October 13. The Full Proposal plus complete bibliography to be turned in. 10% of final grade.
Due Date:November 10. The First Full Draft of the paper is due. 10% of Final Grade
Due Date:December 1. Second draft of paper due. 15% of Final Grade.
Due Date:December 16 Final Draft of Paper Due. 25% of Final Grade.
|Quiz I||Oct. 4||5%|
|Quiz II||Oct. 20||5%|
|Quiz III||Nov. 3||5%|
|Quiz IV||Nov. 15||5%|
|Quiz V||Dec. 1||5%|
Schedule of Classes
|DATE||READING FOR CLASS||TOPIC DESCRIPTION|
|Our course “map” If you don’t see this open, check your Downloads and open in Excel.
See Moodle for assigned article for Thursday discussion. Each person is assigned a specific article.
Questions to answer for Thursday class –due on Moodle Wednesday night 10 pm
|Notice in the left hand column that you have TWO assignments to complete before Thursday’s class: (1) Answering the short set of questions linked there, and (2) Reading a “sample” history issue article.
Introduction to the course. Every day, every moment, things are happening all over the world and the universe. In history, we ask both what happened and WHY it happened. Two opposite possibilities are (1) It is all an accident and (2) It is all predetermined. Then there are all the “in between” possibilities. Those are what make interesting historical puzzles. The two most common influences proposed to explain changes are (1) the Zeitgeist [spirit of the times] and (2) the great person. In a Zeitgeist explanation, the individual people are regarded as not so important and it is asserted that the momentum toward a certain change was so consistent, that it would have occurred no matter who the people were. A great person explanation would say that a change only occurred because a certain important person did what he or she did, and that history would have been very different without that person.
A major emphasis of this course is that core issues and stances on those issues, once noticed, rarely go away. What we look at in Plato and Aristotle were first discussed several thousand years ago, but the topics continue to be alive today, as you will see.
Your assigned Moodle article that is an example of a good history paper, raising and examining issues
|Discussion of questions submitted last night
Discussion of model papers about issues in history of psychology. Groups
| Class 3
|Add/Drop Period ends
Discussion of questions submitted last Wednesday night
Discussion of model papers about issues in history of psychology. Groups
| Class 4
|Weimer — Plato and Chomsky Psycholinguistics and Plato’s Paradoxes of the Meno. American Psychologist, 1973, 28, 15-33.
Read: Aristotle’s Psychology
|Plato and rationalism. Thinking about mathematical reasoning and mathematical “objects.”
Major aspects of Plato — essence, primacy of the abstract, anamnesis
Note what Weimer tells you about Aristotle as well
Aristotle — Nominalism, 4 causes, teleology
| Class 5 September 20
||Required reading:General remarks introducing Kuhn by Kentucky Professor||Today’s topic is Philosophy of Science
Famous example of Theory
20th Century sequence: Logical positivism, Popper, Kuhn
Kuhn — Normal science, paradigms, and revolutions
Opposite of “confirmationism.”
Compare “practical” or “applied” areas. Medicine vs. Biology; Engineering vs. Physics. Working with particular, individual cases vs. general principles and laws.
|Class 6 September 22||Meditation 1||Begin Descartes — who else was a rationalist?
Rationalism, Mechanism, Mind-Body dualism
Deadline for paper topic selection
|Class 7 September 27||Locke intro||British empiricism 1
Primary and secondary qualities
|Class 8 September 29||Hume Treatise of Human Nature. Vol. I, Part IV, Section 2.|| Locke — Berkeley — Hume
Review — key phrases associated with thinkers.
|Class 9 October 4||Quiz 1|
|Class 10 October 6|| Good Kant intro
Oct. 10-11 Trinity Days WORK ON PAPERS
|Class 11 October 13||Read paper about Thomas Reid on Moodle
Paper on phrenology by Bakan on Moodle.
|Last day to withdraw from classes
Thomas Reid — Known for “Scottish common sense realism” and “faculty” psychology.
Full 500 word Proposal plus complete bibliography Due
|Class 12 October 18||
“Brain” people. Note Gall, then Fechner, Helmholtz, Müller
|Class 13 October 20||Quiz 2||Mid Term is Oct. 24|
|Class 14 October 25||Read:
Wundt intro in the Classics
|Wundt related words: consciousness, introspection, sensation, elements (chemistry), apperception, physiological psychology; experimental psychology; stimulus error (Titchener).
|Class 15 October 27||G. Stanley Hall’s interpretation of the history at the time.|
|Darwin, James and Functionalism|
|Class 17 November 3||Quiz 3
| Galton on prayer — go to galton.org. Click on “collected works” in yellow on blue menu bar. Then, 6 lines down, click on “lists of published works.” Then, in the journal column, find the paper in 1872.
Remember Galton for “Nature vs. Nurture.”
Cattell follows Galton
|Class highlights of James
| Class 19
|Behaviorism||First full draft of paper due
Pavlov Watson Hull Skinner
Watson as obvious heir of Locke. See also the Wikipedia page on John B. Watson
|Freud and Clinical Psychology|
| Class 20
Freud and Clinical Psychology
Fancher on Clark meeting
Witmer –– First clinic; Kraeplin (Wundt also); Zilboorg — Medical psychology, IOL
|Women in Psychology|
| Class 21
| Read:Furumoto & Scarborough 1986
Women in U.S. psychology [APA]
|African Americans in Psychology|
| Class 22
|Sumner||Classic reference —Even the Rat was White by Robert V. Guthrie
African Americans in psychology — G. Stanley Hall again.
Sumner => Kenneth and Mamie Phipps Clark
| Class 23
|Read:Intro from our Classics set
Classics collection on Gestalt psychology
Michael Bach displays that include many Gestalt effects.
Gestalt “Family Tree” from Barry Smith
|Henle– Gestalt therapy is NOT Gestalt psychology|
|Behaviorism and the Cognitive Revolution|
| Class 24
Woodworth — Psychological Review, 50, 1943, 10-32
Kendler — “Blind Alley” ?
Readings from Baars, The Cognitive Revolution in Psychology, are on Moodle site. Read: Chapters 4 and 5 and the interviews with Jenkins and Chomsky.
|The Woodworth paper is to keep us “honest.” What are MOST psychologists doing? Variety.
Second draft of paper due tonight
| Class 25
|Continuing section guide||
| Class 26
| Finishing the course
|Last Day of Classes
Finishing the cognitive revolution — Piaget and cognitive development
Lab vs “Real World”
Final Paper Due Friday December 16 (scheduled Final Exam Day)