When engaging students in a discussion in the classroom, a key challenge is to manage the discussion in a way that maximizes learning while also encouraging participation from all members of the classroom. As this resource from Georgetown University suggests: “Good classroom discussions rarely just happen. Most good discussions grow out of careful planning and execution.”
Another useful resource that provides tips for how to prepare for classroom discussion, what to do in the classroom, and advice for follow-up after the class is this website from Washington University in St Louis. For ideas on how to increase participation in the classroom, this other resource from Washington University in St. Louis can be useful.