A Resource Guide: Adequate and Equitable Funding of Public Education in CT

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Screen Shot 2016-05-04 at 3.53.45 PM(Source: CT Mirror 2016 budget tool)

This resource guide is for parents, teachers, students, and educational leaders that want to understand issues about funding public education in Connecticut and other states. Specifically, this guide intends to provide insight on the ideas of equitable, or fair, and adequate, or sufficient, funding of public education.

Below we will break down ideas into categories and try to provide brief summaries of each link, document, or resource. Specific emphasis will be on confronting misinformation about educational funding. If you have questions about the funding of public education, send it along in the comments and we will do our best to respond.

Featured resources: 

CCJEF Press Release 2/10/17 response to Governor’s Budget Proposal

Download (PDF, 113KB)


  • In the news
  • Organizations
  • Analysis
  • Documents

In the news

Court Orders State to Make Sweeping Reforms in Schools, Daniela Altimari, The Hartford Courant, September 7, 2016.

State strikes down state education aid choices as irrational, Jacqueline Rabe Thomas, CTMirror, September 7, 2016.

Good School, Rich School; Bad School, Poor School, Alana Semuels, The Atlantic, August 25, 2016.

Closing Arguments Begins in Connecticut School Funding Trial,” Vanessa de la Torre, The Hartford Courant, August 8, 2016.

CT school funding on trial: 5 key questions facing the judge,” Jacki Rabe Thomas, CT Mirror, August 8, 2016. More on CCJEF v. Rell in CT Mirror here.

Court considers fairness of state education funding,” Bill Cummings, CT Post, August 8, 2016.


Connecticut Coalition for Justice in Education Funding – a coalition suing the State of Connecticut for adequate and equitable funding and educational opportunity for all public school students.

Connecticut Voices for Children – independent research and advocacy for children and families, including state budget and school finance research.

Education Justice – An program with the Education Law Center to expand educational opportunities and services for students.

National Education Policy Center – a center that produces research and reviews on education policy in accessible language and includes topics such as school finance.



Problems with Connecticut’s Education Cost Sharing Grant, Orlando Rodriguez, 2011.

Blog Posts

A primer about Connecticut School Funding, by Wendy Lecker.

“Betraying Educational Cost Sharing?” – An analysis of whether cuts to funding in Connecticut undermine the cooperation built into the ECS concept.


Judge Moukawsher Delivers Decision in CCJEF v. Rell Ed. Funding Lawsuit, Hartford Complex Litigation Docket Watch:

Post-Trial Oral Arguments in the CCJEF v. Rell Education Funding Case – Day 1

Post-Trial Oral Arguments in the CCJEF v. Rell Education Funding Case – Day 2

Post-Trial Oral Arguments in the CCJEF v. Rell Education Funding Case – Day 3

“Student Based Budgeting” – A discussion and articles about a type of funding education called “student based budgeting” or, sometimes, “weighted student funding”.

Discussion on school funding in CT and CCJEF v. Rell case with Attorney Wendy Lecker and Robert Cotto, Jr. Video here.


CCJEF Case Detail, Hartford Superior Court (All documents)

Plaintiffs Opposition to Defendant’s Appeal (and Request for Full Review Memorandum of Decision), CCJEF (plaintiff) attorneys, Sept. 19, 2016.

Application for Appeal in CCJEF v. Rell, CT Attorney General, Sept. 15, 2016.

Memorandum of Decision – CCJEF v. Rell, Judge Thomas Moukawsher, Sept. 7, 2016.

Presentation by CCM on the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) Grant 

Download (PPT, 3.52MB)

CCJEF Plaintiffs Post-Trial Brief

Download (PDF, 827KB)

CCJEF Plaintiffs Final Proposed Findings of Fact

Download (PDF, 1.82MB)

CCJEF Defendants Post-Trial Brief

Download (PDF, 1.71MB)

CCJEF Defendant (State of CT) Post-Trial Brief 

Download (DOCX, 187KB)

CCJEF Defendant Findings of Fact

Download (DOCX, 205KB)

Published by

Robert Cotto Jr.

Robert Cotto, Jr. is a Lecturer in the Educational Studies department. Before his work at Trinity, he was a Senior Policy Fellow in K-12 Education for CT Voices for Children where he published reports on Connecticut’s testing system, public school choice, and K-12 education data and policy. He taught for seven years as a social studies teacher at the Metropolitan Learning Center for Global and International Studies (MLC), an interdistrict magnet school intended to provide a high-quality education and promote racial, ethnic, and economic integration. Born and raised in Connecticut, Mr. Cotto was the first in his family to go to college and he earned his B.A. degree in sociology at Dartmouth College, his Ed.M. at Harvard University Graduate School of Education, and an M.A. in American Studies at Trinity College. He is currently completing his Ph.D. in education policy at the University of Connecticut Neag School of Education. Robert lives with his wife and son in the Forster Heights area of the Southwest neighborhood in Hartford. Views expressed in this blog are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of Trinity College.