Category Archives: Windsor

Lucius M. Barber

Barber, Lucius. The Burning of Simsbury. Hartford, CT: Case, Lockwood & Brainard, 1876


Barber shares the details of the time Simsbury was burnt to the ground in 1676. His speech includes events leading up the event, the event itself and its aftermath. This includes information about where the Massacoes might have gone to after the burning.

Lucius M. Barber

Barber, Lucius M. A Record and Documentary History of Simsbury 1643-1888. Simsbury, CT: Abigail Phelps Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution, 1931.

Barber writes a lot of estimates of native population in Connecticut at the time of settler-native contact. Along with this, the author goes into great detail about why and how Simsbury was settled. The deeds to Simsbury are discussed in length.

Jim Trocchi

Trocchi, Jim. Connecticut Indians. Windsor Historical Society.

Trocchi writes informatively about the natives of the Farmington Valley, and in Connecticut. Included are details about types of food, housing structure, language, individual tribes and possible sites in the Northwest corner on Connecticut.

Henry R. Stiles

Stiles, Henry R. The History of Ancient Windsor. Vol. 1. Hartford, CT: Press of the Case, Lockwood, and Brainard, 1891.


Stiles’ lengthy work includes not only the history of Windsor, but also the histories of all areas that surround Windsor in the Connecticut River Valley. Stiles includes important and useful quotes from letters and court decisions related to the settlement of Simsbury, and the natives in that territory.

Jay Mack Holbrook

Holbrook, Jay Mack. Connecticut Colonists: Windsor 1635-1703. Oxford, MA: Holbrook research Institute, 1986.

Holbrook provides a compilation of names, births, deaths, marriages in Windsor from the period of 1635-1701. This information can be used to look at settler population demographics, and specifically how size of population relates to the settlement of Simsbury.

Karen Coody Cooper

Cooper, Karen Coody. “Connecticut Indians: Early and Now.” The New England Social Studies Bulletin, 1986.

Cooper provides a general history of the settlement of the Connecticut River Valley. Along with providing information on first contact between natives and settlers, Cooper also helps to differentiate between the different tribes. Important historical context is provided that helps understanding the movements happening not far from Simsbury.

Harold Clayont Bradshaw

Bradshaw, Harold Clayont. The Indians of Connecticut: The Effect of English Colonization and of Missionary Activity on Indian Life in Connecticut. Deep River, CT: New Era Press 1935.

Bradshaw writes extensively of most tribes that could have been found in Connecticut and how English settlement affected them. What is most intriguing in this work is Bradshaw’s estimate on population for the Podunks, Wangunks, and Windsor and Hartford tribes.

Lucianne Lavin

Lavin, Lucianne. Connecticut’s Indigenous Peoples: What Archaeology, History, and Oral Traditions teach Us About Their Communities and Cultures. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2013.

Dr. Lavin provides an important source of ancient Native American history based largely on archaeological finds. Although Simsbury is not specifically mentioned, Lavin discusses in length about finds in Farmington, Windsor, South Windsor and other surrounding towns that give clues to what life must have been like for the indigenous peoples over the course of thousands of years up until contact. Specific finds, such as food and tools, suggest what the natives in the Farmington Valley ate, and how the acquisition of complex tools through development and trade led to an evolving lifestyle.

Charles W. Burpee

Burpee, Charles W. Burpee’s The Story of Connecticut. New York, NY: The American History Co., 1939.

Burpee writes a basic history about the history of Connecticut. What is most relevant to the Massacoes in this work is the history of the surrounding western Connecticut tribes. Burpee provides a good historical context to the history of the Massacoes.